Comprehensive Local Assessment Plan
Why We Assess: Vermont's Focus on Equity in Educational Assessment
This document was developed for supervisory unions/districts (sus/sds), schools and
educators who may have questions or are fielding questions from students, families and
caregivers, and community members about the purpose of state summative assessments and
student participation in those assessments (i.e., whether they can refuse or “opt-out”).
The schools in the Essex Westford School District use multiple types of assessments to evaluate student learning. These include formative and summative assessments and as part of the assessment process, may also include portfolios, projects, performances and exhibitions.
Formative assessments are designed to provide an opportunity for students to practice learning and inform the teacher's instruction. Formative assessments are considered part of the learning, and they need not be graded in the same way as summative assessments (end-of-unit exams or quarterlies, for example) are. Formative assessments check for understanding along the way and guide teacher decision making about future instruction; they also provide feedback to students so they can improve their performance. Formative assessments are a critical part of the PLC process and help us answer question 2, "how will we know our students are learning or have learned" what we need them to.
Summative assessments are designed to evaluate the student's mastery of specific learning goals. They are given periodically to determine at a particular time what students know and are able to do. Summative assessments are often associated with standardaized tests such as State assessments, but they are also an important part of our overall assessment plan. Summative assessments are a means to guage, at a particular point in time, student learning relative to content standards.
Here are some examples of summative assessments:
- State Assessments
- District benchmark or interim assessments
- End of unit tests
- End of term or semester exams
Summative assessments happen further down the learning path. We use formative assessmentsto provide information at the classroom level, to make instructional adjustments and inform interventions during the learning process.
Our full Comprehensive Local Assessment Plan includes common local and state assessments.
If you have any questions about the different types of assessments or our local assessment plan, please contact Jackie Tolman @email@example.com.